Ankara Hospital


It is an infectious disease caused by influenza virus, usually seen in the cold season.

How Transmitted?

t is transmitted by coughs, sneezes or droplets scattered around during a speech. These droplets; it can be transmitted by direct contact with other people's mouth, nose or eye, or by touching things and by touching hands with the mouth or nose.

The virus begins to scatter a few days before the onset of the disease, and lasts for 3-5 days after recovery.

What Are The Symptoms?
  • Fever, weakness
  • Headache,
  • Cough,
  • Muscle-joint pain,
  • Throat ache.
  • In severe patients; excessive breathing and blurred consciousness can also be seen.
In Which Paitens It Is Heavy?

1. The elderly and children under 2 years of age,

2. Pregnants and postpartum period

3. Immune system suppressed (Heart-Lung diseases, Diabetes, Renal failure, HIV, Cortisone treatment, Cancer treatment etc.)

How To Protect Yourself?
1. By Preventing Infection:
  • Hand hygiene should be observed, hands should be washed frequently or alcohol-based hand cleaners should be cleaned.

  • When coughing or sneezing, the mouth and nose should be covered with a handkerchief and the handkerchief should be immediately discarded. If there is no handkerchief at that time, the mouth and nose should be closed by hand and the hands should be washed immediately without any contact. Coughing and sneezing in the face of other people should be avoided.

  • Sick persons should wear masks next to others. If the patient is obliged to be in the same environment, healthy individuals should wear a mask.

  • It should avoid being in crowded, cramped and stuffy environments during the peak season.

  • No vitamins or nutrients prevent contamination. Therefore, the above measures should never be neglected.

2. Influenza Vaccine

Since the structure of the influenza virus changes every year, a new influenza vaccine is produced each year.

Flu vaccine especially; Recommended for individuals who are likely to have a severe flu (see above) and healthcare workers in autumn each year. In addition, healthy individuals who wish to be vaccinated can also be vaccinated.

The flu vaccine has no serious side effects and is safe for pregnant women.

Influenza vaccination is not given to individuals with severe allergies to vaccine substances or egg proteins and to babies under 6 months of age. Besides; people with a transient disease (throat infection, diarrhea, etc.) should be vaccinated, preferably after recovery.

How Is Therapy?

Most patients recover in one week without taking any antiviral drugs.

Rest, taking plenty of fluids and vitamins are the basis of treatment. In addition to complaints; medications such as painkillers, cough syrups, throat sprays can also be taken. Vitamins do not prevent contamination, but make it easier to get over the disease.

However, if the disease is not alleviated within 3-4 days, the complication may have developed and a doctor should be consulted.

Individuals who are likely to have severe flu (mentioned above) should receive antiviral medication within the first 48 hours. These drugs should never be used without a prescription.

Antibiotics have no use in the treatment of influenza. Antibiotics kill bacteria. However, the cause of influenza is a virus.

Prof. Dr. Bülent Ahmet Beşirbellioğlu

Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases

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